HB2463 defines it as "Hydraulic fracturing" means the process of pumping a fluid into or under the surface of the ground in order to create fractures in rock for the purpose of the production or recovery of oil or natural gas."
The specific language in section 49-211 states "Hydraulic fracturing prohibited A person may not engage in hydraulic fracturing in this state and may not collect, store or treat water in this state if that water is used in, generated by or resulting from the process of hydraulic fracturing." [Right, schematic diagram of hydraulic fracturing process. Credit, US EPA]
There is no hydraulic fracturing going on in Arizona and it was only used historically in a few exploration wells that never went into production. Residents in Santa Cruz County have been concerned about two proposed oil and gas exploration wells in the area even though the operator has stated repeatedly that they are not going to frack those wells. The company also does not have permits to do so.
The bill was introduced by Representatives Mendez, Sherwood, Andrade, and Velasquez.